Fringed-Leaf Dolichos Bean   
Foto info
Fringed-Leaf Dolichos Bean
P Native Photo: S. Kasim
Common name: Fringed-Leaf Dolichos Bean
Botanical name: Macrotyloma ciliatum    Family: Fabaceae (Pea family)
Synonyms: Dolichos ciliatus, Dolichos prostratus

Fringed-Leaf Dolichos Bean is a twining, climbing perennial vine with stems slender, hairless or with short, spreading hails. Leaf axis is 4-15 ram long, 1/4 to 1/8 the stalk length; stipules ovate to pointed. Leaves are trifoliate, with leaflet blades thick, leathery, ovate, oblong-oval or broadly elliptic, 2.5-6.5 x 2.2-45 cm, pointed to blunt apically, roundnd basally, becoming hairless or hairless, the margins fringed with hairs with white silky hairs, the veins prominent beneath. Inflorescences are short-axillary, from 1 to about 1.5 cm long, raceme-like or somewhat cyme-like, 3-6-flowered; bracts oval to oblong-lanceshaped, striped, persistent; bracteoles oblong-lanceshaped, striped, persistent. Flowers are about 1.2 cm long, flower-stalks 1-4 mm long, calyx tube about 2 nun long, all sepals lanceshaped-bristly, the upper lobes bifid. Petals are pale yellow, the vexillum obovate, slightly exceeding the wings and keels. Fruit upper margin is straight or somewhat up-curved, the lower naviculate, tapering apreally, greatly compressed, 2.4-4 cm long, 6-10 mm wide, 3-4 mm thick, hairless, 2-4-seeded; upper sutures ending in a sharp, usually downrerved beak, 5-7 mm long. Seeds about 3 mm. Fringed-Leaf Dolichos Bean is found in Peninsular India and Sri Lanka. Flowering: November-January.

Identification credit: S. Kasim Photographed in Thirumoorthy Hills, Udumalpet, Tamil Nadu.

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