Garden Cress   
Foto info
Garden Cress
aturalized Photo: Gurcharan Singh
Common name: Garden Cress, Garden pepper cress, Pepper grass, pepperwort, Poor man's pepper • Assamese: halim sak • Bengali: drona • Hindi: akalam, candsur, chansar, chansaur, chaunsar, halim • Kannada: alavibija, allibija • Malayalam: asali • Marathi: athaleeva, ahliv, ahliva • Sanskrit: ahaleeva, asalika, asalima, ashalika • Tamil: aliverai, alivirai, alivitai • Telugu: adalvitulu, adeli, aditya
Botanical name: Lepidium sativum    Family: Brassicaceae (Mustard family)

Garden Cress is an annual herb that can reach a height of 2 ft, with many branches on the upper part. The leaves are entire, the upper ones are stalkless whereas lower ones stalked. Flowers are white to pinkish in color, small, 2 mm across, borne in long racemes. The fruits are small pods, obovate, with two seeds per pod. The seeds are brownish red in colour and become slimy when soaked in water. Garden Cress is native to mediterranean region, introduced and naturalised, cultivated throughout the world. Within India, it is cultivated as a salad plant. It is found as an escape.

Identification credit: Gurcharan Singh
Photographed in Mohra, Kashmir.
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