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ative Photo: Dinesh Valke
Common name: Garuga, grey downy balsam • Hindi: खरपात kharpat • Marathi: काकड kakad • Tamil: அருநெல்லி arunelli, கருவேம்பு karuvempu • Malayalam: അണ്ണകാര annakaara, കാട്ടുനെല്ലി kaattunelli • Telugu: గరుగ garuga, కొండ వేప konda vepa • Kannada: ಅರನೆಲ್ಲಿ aranelli, ಬಿಳಿಗಡ್ಡೆ biligadde, ಕಾಷ್ಠನೆಲ್ಲಿ kaashthanelli • Bengali: jum, কপিল kapila • Oriya: kekadogatcho • Konkani: कुडक kudak • Assamese: পমা pama • Gujarati: કાકેઢ kaked, ખુસિંબ khusimb • Mizo: bungbu tuairam • Sanskrit: कर्णिकारः karnikarha, किङ्किरातः kinikirath • Nepali: दबदबे dabdabe • Nepali: दबदबे Dabadabe, रामसिन Ramasin
Botanical name: Garuga pinnata    Family: Burseraceae (Torchwood family)

Garuga is a deciduous tree reaching 50 ft in height, with bark pealing off in flakes. Leaves are pinnate, 6-18 in. long, with 6-10 pairs of leaflets and a lone one at the tip. Leaflets are opposite or nearly so, 3-6 in. long, lance-shaped, with a tapering tip, toothed margin, softly hairy when young, ultimately smooth. Flowers are small, creamy white or yellow, in much branched, velvety pinnacles in leaf axils or at the ends of the branches. Sepal cup is small, cupped, hairy inside. Petals are linear-oblong, hairy outside, sparsely velvety within, attached to the sepal tube beneath the margin of the disc, tip thickened, inflexed. Fruits are round, fleshy, size of a gooseberry, green at first, and yellow to blackish in the end. The fruits are eaten raw or pickled.

Identification credit: Dinesh Valke Photographed at Yeoor Hills, Thane, Maharashtra.

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