Goanese Ipecac
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Goanese Ipecac
ative Photo: Dinesh Valke
Common name: Goanese Ipecac, Goanese ipecacuanh • Hindi: पित्तमारी Pitmari, तीनपर्णी Tinparni • Malayalam: നിലനാരകം Nilanarakam • Kannada: ನೆಲಬೇವು Nelabevu, ನೆಲಕಂಚಿ Nela kanchi, ನೆಲಹೇರಿಳೆ Nela herile, ನೆಲನಾರಂಗಿ Nela naarangi • Konkani: पित्तमारी Pitmari, तीनपानी Tinpani • Sanskrit: अम्लवल्ली Amlavalli, त्रिपर्णिक Triparnika
Botanical name: Naregamia alata    Family: Meliaceae (Neem family)
Synonyms: Turraea alata, Naregamia dentata

Goanese Ipecac is a rare shrub, 15-45 cm tall, found mainly on rocky or grassy slopes in western peninsular India. Leaves are divided into 3 leaflets, each of which is wedge-shaped-obovate, quite entire, and stalkless. The leaf stalk is winged. White flowers, 2.5-5 cm long, arise solitary in leaf axils. Sepal five, 5 mm long. Petals are 5, very ong, strap-shaped, distinct, free from the stamen tube. Filaments are united into a long tube, inflated and spherical at the tip. Capsule is 3-cornered, 3-valved valves circular, 8 mm long. Seeds 2 in each cell, curved. Goanese Ipecac is endemic to Peninsular India. Flowering: April-May.

Identification credit: Eby Abraham Photographed at Mangalore, Karnataka.

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