Golden Columbine
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Golden Columbine
ntroduced Photo: Mani Nair
Common name: Golden Columbine
Botanical name: Aquilegia chrysantha    Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup family)

Golden Columbine is a perennial herb native to SW United States from extreme southern Utah to Texas and northwestern Mexico. Stems are 1-4 ft tall. Basal leaves 2-3×-ternately compound, 9-45 cm, much shorter than stems. Leaflets are green above, to 1.1-5.5 cm. Flowers are erect, sepals perpendicular to floral axis, yellow, lanceshaped to ovate-lanceolate, 2-3.6 × 0.5-1 cm, tip narrowly acute or long-pointed. Petals have spurs yellow, straight, parallel or divergent, 4.2-6.5 cm, slender, evenly tapered from base, blades yellow, oblong, 1.3-2.3 × 0.6-1.5 cm, stamens 1.2-2.5 cm. Seed-pods are 1.8-3.0 cm long, beak 1.0-1.8 cm. Golden Columbine is cultivated in Kashmir for its beautiful flowers.

Identification credit: Tabish Photographed in Srinagar, Kashmir.
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