Green-Flowered Balsam
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Green-Flowered Balsam
P Native Photo: David Raju
Common name: Green-Flowered Balsam
Botanical name: Impatiens viridiflora    Family: Balsaminaceae (Balsam family)

Green-Flowered Balsam is a perennial, herb growing on trees. Stems are erect, cylindrical, woody below, thick, up to 2.5 cm in diameter, with prominent leaf-scars, herbaceous above, fleshy, rarely branched, hairless. Leaves are 3-5 x 2-3 cm, elliptic, pointed at either ends, hairless, usually clustered towards the tip of the stem; leaf-stalk 1-2 cm long. Flowers are borne in 1-4 flowered cymes in leaf-axils or at branch-ends; flower-stalks drooping. Flowers are scarlet-green; lip 1 cm broad at mouth, produced into the spur, scarlet or pink, hairless. Sepals are 8 x 2 mm, ovate, green and pink; standard broad, reddish; wings 1.2 cm long, 2-lobed; lobes round, blunt, red, hairless. The original variety has a greenish white spur with rose pink lateral petal lobes. Then there are other variants with rose-pink spur with scarlet red lateral lobes, and a confusing one with scarlet spur with pink lobes of lateral petals. Green-Flowered Balsam is endemic to Southern Western Ghats.

Identification credit: Tabish Photographed in Kerala.

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