Botanical name: Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Family: Fabaceae (Pea family)
Synonyms: Cyamopsis psoraloides, Dolichos fabæformis, Dolichos psoraloides, Psoralea tetragonoloba
The guar bean or cluster bean is an annual legume and the source of guar gum. A bushy, upright herb reaching up to 3 m in height. It has a vigorous root system. The stiff branches have white hairs and trifoliate leaves. The flowers are white or pink and the pods are straight, hairy, pale green and up to 10 cm long. It is grown for gum production. The young tender pods can be eaten as vegetables and the seeds are used as livestock feed. The plant is also grown as a green manure or used as fodder. Seed flour is used to improve the strength of paper and stamps or in textile sizing and as a thickener in ice creams and salad dressings. A water-soluble natural resin is also obtained from the seeds and is used in the food, paper, mining and petroleum industries.
Identification credit: Dinesh Valke
The flower labeled Guar is ...