Heart-Leaf Enchanter's Nightshade
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Heart-Leaf Enchanter's Nightshade
P Native Photo: Shakir Ahmad
Common name: Heart-Leaf Enchanter's Nightshade
Botanical name: Circaea cordata    Family: Onagraceae (Evening primrose family)
Synonyms: Circaea hybrida, Circaea cardiophylla, Circaea kitagawae

Heart-Leaf Enchanter's Nightshade is a herbs, 20-150 cm tall, simple or branched above. Plant is velvet-hairy, often densely so, rarely the stem nearly hairless. Leaves are ovate to broadly so, short tapering, rounded to heart-shaped at the base, margins finely toothed to nearly entire, velvet-hairy. Largest leaves are 4-13 x 2.3-11 cm. Leaf-stalks are 1-10 cm, velvet-hairy. Flower-stalks are 0.7-2 mm, velvet-hairy, perpendicular to the axis of the raceme at blooming. Flower-tube is 0.6-1 mm long. Sepals are 2, 2-3.7 x 1.4-2 mm, velvet-hairy below, white or green, reflexed in flower. Petals are 2, 1-2.4 x 1.2-3.1 mm, white, inverted-heart-shaped, the apical notch half (or less) the length of the petal. Stamens are 2, spreading at anthesis, shorter than to equalling the style. Style erect, 3-5.5 mm. Mature fruits are 3-3.9 x 1.8-3.3 mm, bilocular, very thickly lenticular to flattened pear-shaped, obliquely rounded to the flower-stalk, densely covered with stiff uncinate hairs. Fruiting flower-stalks are reflexed. Heart-Leaf Enchanter's Nightshade is found in NE Pakistan to Russian Far East, Temperate E Asia and the Himalayas, at altitudes up to 2600 m. Flowering: June-August.

Identification credit: Saroj Kasaju Photographed in Ganderbal, Kashmir.

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