Himalayan Bladdernut
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Himalayan Bladdernut
D Native Photo: Ashutosh Sharma
Common name: Himalayan Bladdernut • Urdu: Chitra, Nagdaun
Botanical name: Staphylea emodi    Family: Staphyleaceae (Bladdernut family)

Himalayan Bladdernut is a deciduous shrub, with young shoots arising from branch-end buds with persistent scales. Leaves are opposite; leaflets 7-15 cm long, 3-7 cm broad, ovate to elliptic ovate, minutely toothed, tapering, lower surface pale and usually velvet-hairy; lateral leaflets more or less stalkless; the at branch-ends leaflet leaflet-stalk 2.5-5 cm long; common leaf-stalk up to 16 cm long; stipules 2, oblong lanceshaped to spoon-shaped, 1.5-2 cm long, deciduous; stipels 2, linear, 2-4 mm long, deciduous. Panicles 5-7 cm long, flowering when shoots are young. Flowers are white, 1-1.5 cm long, flower-stalk slightly longer, up to 2.5 cm long in fruit; bracts 4-7 mm long, linear, deciduous. Sepals oblong lanceshaped, 7-8 mm long, persistent. Petals more or less spoon-shaped, about the size of the sepals or slightly longer, persistent. Stamens persistent; filaments about 7 mm long, lower half velvet-hairy; anthers 2 mm long. Styles 3, coherent, about 8 mm long, hairless; stigmas capitate. Capsule is 6-8 cm long, inflated and membranous, splitting longitudinally downwards from the tip. Seeds are few, nearly spherical, 7.5 mm broad, more or less compressed, shiny yellowish brown. Himalayan Bladdernut is found in Himalayas from 2000-3000 m. Flowering: April-May.

Identification credit: Ashutosh Sharma Photographed in Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh.

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