Himalayan Elecampane   
Foto info
Himalayan Elecampane
ative Photo: Gurcharan Singh
Common name: Himalayan Elecampane • Sanskrit: pauskara, pauskaramula
Botanical name: Inula royleana    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)

Himalayan Elecampane is a rather stout erect plant with very large handsome golden-yellow flower-heads 10-12.5 cm across, much larger than those of Showy Inula. Ray florets are numerous, up to 5 cm long. Leaves are large, elliptic-lanceshaped. Lower leaves are elliptic-blunt, 15-25 cm, with an equally long winged leaf-stalk. Upper stem leaves are elliptic, up to 20 cm, with enlarged stem-clasping base. The stem is unbranched 1-2 ft tall. Himalayan Elecampane is found in the Himalayas, from Pakistan to Kashmir, at altitudes of 2100-4000 m. It is common and prominent in Kashmir. Flowering: July-September.
Medicinal uses: The plant is disinfectant. It is also considered to be poisonous. The root has been used to adulterate the roots of Saussurea lappa. It contains 3% of an alkaloid that produces a fall in blood pressure and stimulates tone and peristaltic movements in the intestines.

Identification credit: Gurcharan Singh
Photographed in Apharwat, Kashmir.
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