Indian Bamboo
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Indian Bamboo
ative Photo: Vinod Yadav
Common name: Indian Bamboo
Botanical name: Dendrocalamus calostachyus    Family: Poaceae (Grass family)
Synonyms: Bambusa calostachya, Sinocalamus calostachyus

Indian Bamboo is a tufted large bamboo. Stems usually 20-30 m high, green with appressed silvery hairs; nodes thickened and annulate; internodes 30-40 cm long. Stem-sheaths covered with appressed tawny hairs, truncate at the mouth; ligule very short, entire. In young shoots, sheath orange-brown turning to green with brown hairs (not dense), blades spreading at right angles or reflexed, brownish. Leaves 22-30 cm long and 3-6.5 cm broad, lanceolate, acuminate, pubescent beneath, base rounded, petiole short; leaves of the side shoots are smaller; leaf-sheath striate, with white ciliae at the margins; ligule prominent, truncate, entire or serrulate. Inflorescence a large panicle of long, whip-like, curved spikes; spikelets clustered in heads of 2 to 5 with a few small empty bracts at base; rachis between the heads 1.5-5 cm long, flattened on one side, alternate sides glaucous, somewhat puberulous. Spikelets 1-1.5 cm long, 5 mm broad, faintly pubescent, ovate, acute, slightly compressed, with 4 to 6 fertile flowers

Identification credit: Amit Kumar
Photographed in Forest Research Institute, Dehradun.
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