Indian Cranberry
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Indian Cranberry
ative Photo: S. Jeevith
Common name: Indian Cranberry • Kannada: Anduvan • Malayalam: Kelamaram, Katavu, Kalavu • Tamil: Anduvan, Kalavu
Botanical name: Vaccinium leschenaultii    Family: Ericaceae (Blueberry family)

Indian Cranberry is a small tree up to 7 m tall. Bark is brownish, irregularly scaly, with yellowish blaze. Young branchlets are somewhat angular to nearly round, velvet-hairy. Leaves are simple, alternately spirally arranged, carried on stalks 0.5-1 cm long, planoconvex in cross section, velvet-hairy when young. Leaf blade is 4.5-6.5 x 2.5-3 cm, ovate, elliptic or elliptic-obovate, sometimes nearly circular, tip pointed or long-pointed. Base is flat to narrowed or braod, margin toothed, hairless, leathery. Leaves have glands on the midrib on the underside. Secondary nerves 4-6 pairs. Flowers are borne in racemes in leaf axils and branch ends. Flowers are urn-shaped, pink or rarely whitish, petals hairless, stamens with awns, flower-stalks about 3 mm long. Berry is smooth, round, with many seeds. Indian Cranberry is found in South India, Myanmar and Sri Lanka.

Identification credit: S. Jeevith Photographed in The Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu.

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