Indian Ipecac   
Foto info
Indian Ipecac
Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Indian Ipecac, Indian ipecacuahna • Hindi: अंतमूल Antamul, Jangli pikvam • Marathi: Khadari, Pitthakaadi, Pitthamaari, Pitvel • Tamil: Naippalai, Nancaruppan • Malayalam: Nansjera-patsja, Vallippala • Telugu: Kakapala, Tellayadala, Verripala • Kannada: Antamula, Nipaladaberu, Aadumuttada gida • Bengali: অংতমূল Antamul • Oriya: Mendi, Mulini • Assamese: অংতমূল Antamul • Sanskrit: Arkaparni, Lataksiri, Shwasaghni
Botanical name: Tylophora indica    Family: Asclepiadaceae (Milkweed family)
Synonyms: Asclepias asthmatica, Tylophora asthmatica, Cynanchum indicum

Indian Ipecac is a small, slender, much branched, velvety, twining or climbing herb with yellowish sap. It is mostly found in the sub-himalayan tract from Uttarakhand to Meghalaya and in the central and peninsular India. Rootstock is 2.5-5 cm, thick. Leaves, 6-11 cm long, 3.8-6 cm wide, are ovate-oblong to elliptic-oblong, with a narrow tip, heart-shaped at base, thick, velvety beneath when young, smooth above. Leaf stalks are up to 1.2 cm long. Flowers are small, 1-1.5 cm across, in 2 to 3-flowered fascicles in cymes in leaf axils. Sepal up is divided nearly to the base, densely hairy outside. Sepals are lance-shaped. Flowers are greenish- yellow or greenish-purple, with oblong pointy petals. Fruit is a follicle, up to 7 x 1 cm, ovoid-lanceshaped. Flowering: August-December.
Medicinal uses: It is traditionally used as a folk remedy in certain regions of India for the treatment of bronchial asthma, inflammation, bronchitis, allergies, rheumatism and dermatitis.

Identification credit: Prashant Awale
Photographed in Mumbai.
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