Indian Jerdonia
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Indian Jerdonia
P Native Photo: Shrishail Kulloli
Common name: Indian Jerdonia
Botanical name: Jerdonia indica    Family: Gesneriaceae (Gloxinia family)

Indian Jerdonia is an erect herb, up to 25 cm tall, bearing flowers about 2 cm long, pale lilac with red tinge, on flowering stems up to 14 cm tall. Bracts are small, calyx 5-partite, sepals lanceshaped, long-hairy. Flower-tube is elongate, swollen upwards; limb oblique, 2-lipped, upper lip notched, lower 3-lobed. Stamens 4 perfect; filaments dilated, the lower pair with a descending spur; anthers 2-celled, cohering at their apices. Disk is cup-shaped. Ovary is ovoid; style linear; stigma peltate. Leaves are simple, crowded at the base, up to 13 x 5.5 cm, elliptic-oblong, blunt, subheart-shaped at base, hairless above, rusty hairy beneath. Fruit is an ovoid, loculicidal, 2-valved hairy capsule with 4 many-seeded placentae; seeds funicled, ellipsoid, grooved at the sides. Indian Jerdonia is endemic to Southern Western Ghats. Flowering: March-July.

Identification credit: Shrishail Kulloli, Hareesh VS Photographed at Bisle ghat Karnataka.

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