Indian Joint Vetch
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Indian Joint Vetch
ative Photo: Shaista Ahmad
Common name: Indian Joint Vetch, budda pea, curly-indigo, hard sola, kat sola, northern joint-vetch, sensitive jointed vetch • Hindi: Didhen, Phulan, छुईमुई Chhuimui, Laugauni • Marathi: नालबी Nalabi • Nepali: सोला Sola • Tamil: சடை Chatai, kitai, kitaichchi, netti, takkaippuntu • Malayalam: neli-tali, nelitali, nellittali • Telugu: jeeluga, tella jeeluga, bendu • Kannada: ಬೆಂಡುಕಸ Bendukasa, Bendu kasa • Bengali: kath shola • Oriya: surlo • Assamese: কুহীলা Kuhila
Botanical name: Aeschynomene indica    Family: Fabaceae (Pea family)
Synonyms: Aeschynomene diffusa, Aeschynomene kashmiriana, Aeschynomene pumila

Indian Joint Vetch is an erect branching herb, with scattered spreading hairs on stems, and stalks. Leaves are compound, 5-10 cm long, with 15-30 pairs of narrow needle-like leaflets, 1-1.5 cm long, rounded at the tips. Stipules are arrow-shaped, about 1 cm long. Pale yellow flowers are borne in few flowered racemes. Flowers stalks have 2 bracteoles at base of the sepals. Flowers are about 1 cm long, pea-flower shaped. Sepal cup is 2-lipped. Pods linear, flat, 6-8-jointed, with central prominent wrinkles on each joint. Indian Joint Vetch is native to Tropical Africa, Tropical Asia and Australia. It is found in the Himalayas at altitudes of 200-1300 m. Flowering: September-October.

Identification credit: Shaista Ahmad Photographed at Hebbal Campus, Bangalore.

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