FoI
Indian Kino Tree   
Foto info
Indian Kino Tree
D Native
Photo: Kiran Srivastava
Common name: Indian Kino Tree, Vijayasar, Malabar kino tree • Hindi: विजयसार Vijayasara, बीज पत्ता Beeja patta, Bijasal, Bila • Kannada: baenga mara, bange, bendaga mara • Malayalam: Venga, honne, karintakara, karinthagara • Marathi: asaaha, asan, asana, बिबला bibla • Sanskrit: Asana, Beejaka, Petaca, Bandhukavriksha • Tamil: acamai, acanapann • Telugu: aine, asana, beddagi, beeja saramu • Urdu: bijasar, dam al akhwain
Botanical name: Pterocarpus marsupium    Family: Fabaceae (Pea family)
Synonyms: Pterocarpus bilobus, Lingoum marsupium

Indian Kino Tree is a deciduous tree, up to 30 m tall, bark 10-15 mm, surface grey or greyish-black, rough, deeply vertically cracked, exfoliations small, irregular, fibrous; blaze pink; exudation blood-red. Leaves are compound, alternate; stipules small, lateral, falling off; axis 6.5-11.1 cm long, slender, hairless. Leaflets are 5-7, alternate, estipulate; leaflet-stalk 6-10 mm, slender, hairless; blade 3.5-12.5 x 2-7 cm, elliptic-oblong, oblong-ovate or oblong, base blunt or pointed, tip blunt and notched, margin entire, hairless, leathery; lateral nerves 9-20 pairs, parallel, prominent. Flowers are bisexual, yellow, at branch-ends and in leaf-axils, borne in panicles; 1.0-1.2 cm long; bracts small, dioecious; bracteoles 2, falling off; sepal tube bell-shaped, sepals short, the upper 2 often fused; flowers are protruding; petals 5, all long-clawed, crisped along the margins; standard round, wings oblique, obovate, eard; keel petals oblique, small, slightly fused; stamens 10. Fruit is a pod, 2.5-5 cm across, round-kidney-shaped, broadly winged; seed one, somewhat kidney-shaped. Indian Kino Tree is found in Peninsular India and Sri Lanka. Flowering: September-October.
Medicinal uses: Decoction of the heartwood of asana is useful in skin diseases diabetes, anaemia and excess of kapha and obesity. In obesity, a decoction of the heartwood of asana should be taken mixed with honey. Decoction of the heartwood of asana is useful in skin diseases, diabetes, anaemia, and excess of kapha and obesity.

Identification credit: Neil Soares Photographed in SanjayGandhi National Park, Mumbai.

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