Indian Lantana
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Indian Lantana
ative Photo: Balkar Singh
Common name: Indian Lantana • Hindi: पंजफुल्ली Panjphulli, घनेरी Ghaneri • Kannada: ಜೋಳಿ Joli, Kaadujoli, ಕಾಡುಜೋಳ Kadujola, Kadujoli, ಪಿವಲೆ Pivale • Malayalam: അരിപ്പു Arippu, Konninimullu • Tamil: அரிப்பு Arippu, Chalakiyachcheti, Chalakiyam
Botanical name: Lantana indica    Family: Verbenaceae (Verbena family)
Synonyms: Lantana collina, Lantana latifolia

Indian Lantana is an erect, branched shrub, 1-2.5 m tall, roughly hairy. Leaves are opposite, rarely in whorls of 3, ovate to ovate-sublanceolate, shortly stalked or stalkess, 3-6 cm long, 2-4 cm broad, toothed, pointed, often rough, softly and densely velvety below with minute glands hidden within the pubescence. Flower spikes are ovoid to short, cylindrical, 2-3 cm long, 1-2 cm broad, slightly increasing in fruit, pedunculate with peduncles exceeding the leaves, axillary. Bracts 5-10 mm long, 4-8 mm broad, ovate, acuminate, softly pubescent. Flowers are 3-5 mm across, whitish, or pinkish, often with yellowish tube. Calyx 6-8 mm long, pubescent. Corolla 10-15 mm long with tube as long as the calyx, pubescent outside; lobes 4, subrounded, somewhat oblique. Drupe 3-5 mm in diameter, globose, glabrous, purplish with a 2-celled stone, usually having 1 seed in each cell. Indian Lantana is found in Nepal, India, Thailand, at altitudes pf 200-1500 m. Flowering: July-September.

Identification credit: Balkar Singh Photographed in Panipat, Haryana.

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