Indian Lindenbergia
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Indian Lindenbergia
ative Photo: Dinesh Valke
Common name: Indian Lindenbergia, Lindenbergia • BengaliHindi: पीली बूटी Pili-buti, पत्थर चट्टी Patthar-chatti, Pindru • Marathi: ढोल Dhol, Gajhdar • Nepali: बाघ मुखे घाँस Bagh Mukhe Ghans
Botanical name: Lindenbergia indica    Family: Orobanchaceae (Broomrape family)
Synonyms: Lindenbergia sinaica, Lindenbergia polyantha

Indian Lindenbergia is an annual or perennial herb, 15–40 cm high, often profusely branched, densely or sparsely hairy with glandular and eglandular hairs. Leaves are broadly ovate to ovate, 1-4 cm long, up to 2.5 cm wide, widely wedge-shaped at the base, blunt or pointed at tip, margins coarsely rounded toothed-toothed; lower leaves stalked with leaf-stalk (5-)10-30 mm, upper leaves with shorter leaf-stalks or stalkless Flowers in leaf-axils; flower-stalk 1-5 mm Bracts 3-4 mm Sepal-cup 5-6 mm long, lobes triangular, ± 1 mm, 10-ribbed, velvet-hairy with glandular and eglandular hairs, hairy within Flower yellow to brownish yellow, often with brown spots, 1.2-1.9 cm long, tube narrow, upper lip hairy inside, lower lip velvet-hairy along median line Stamens with the upper filaments inserted 2-5 mm above the base of flower Capsule ovoid, 4-8 mm long, narrowing at the tip, hairless or sparsely hairy. It is found growing on rocks in lower Himalayas and all over the country on damp, old walls.
Medicinal uses: Juice of the plant is given in chronic bronchitis and mixed with coriander plant applied to skin eruptions

Identification credit: J.M. Garg Photographed in Bassein fort, Maharashtra.

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