Indian Miliusa
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Indian Miliusa
D Native Photo: Momang Taram
Common name: Indian Miliusa • Assamese: Chagloti, Bon-poniyol, Chag-ladoi, Chhag-loti, Jora-bhanora • Khasi: Dieng-khong
Botanical name: Miliusa dioeca    Family: Annonaceae (Sugar-apple family)
Synonyms: Miliusa globosa, Miliusa roxburghiana, Miliusa wallichiana

Indian Miliusa is a shrub or small deciduous tree about 5-12 m tall. Flowers are bisexual or unisexual, in leaf-axils or leaf opposed, solitary or 1-3, drooping, about 1.5 cm across, flower-stalks velvet-hairy, about 1.5-2.5 cm long, bracts basal or submedian, 1-3, linear-lanceshaped, tip tapering. Sepals are 3, linear or narrow lanceshaped, base free, tip tapering, rusty brownish velvet-hairy, about 6-7 x 1-1.5 mm across. Petals are 6 in 2 series, outer petals somewhat similar to the sepals, inner petals ovate, base saccate, convex from inside, tip pointed or nearly blunt, blood red or maroon, brownish velvet-hairy outside, hairless inside, about 1-1.5 x 0.5-0.8 cm across. Stamens many, about 1 mm long. Bark is grayish brown, fairly smooth and with vertical rows of lenticels. Leaves are bifarious, lanceshaped to oblong-lanceshaped or narrow ovate, 10-20 x 3.5-6 cm across, slightly asymmetrical, base wedge-shaped or rounded, margin entire, tip deeply pointed or shallow tapering, leathery, thin, dark green, hairles above, paler velvet-hairy beneath and hairless with age, later veins about 9-11 on either side of the midrib. Leaf-stalk is about 0.1-0.3 cm long. Ripe carpels are many, ovoid or nearly spherical, slightly slender, about 8-10 x 10-18 mm across. Indian Miliusa is native to Indian Subcontinent to Indo-China.

Identification credit: Momang Taram Photographed in Papum Pare distt., Arunachal Pradesh.

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