Indian Quassia
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Indian Quassia
D Native Photo: Ashutosh Sharma
Common name: Indian Quassia, India quassia, Quassia wood, Shurni, Quassia-wood • Hindi: Baringi, Bharangi, Charangi, Kakra • Sanskrit: Asranasini, Charangi, Kadavi, निम्बि Nimbi, सर्पजिह्वा Sarpajihva, Vatapaha • Urdu: Karwiya ﻛﺮﻭﹺﻳﺎ
Botanical name: Picrasma quassioides    Family: Simaroubaceae (Quassia family)
Synonyms: Picrasma japonica, Simaba quassioides, Nima quassioides

Indian Quassia is a deciduous shrub or small tree growing up to 10-15 m tall with a trunk up to 50 cm diameter. The bark is smooth and dark grey-brown. The leaves are 15-40 cm long, pinnate, with 7-15 leaflets 2.5-10 cm long and 1.5-4.5 cm broad, with a coarsely and irregularly toothed margin. The flowers are green to yellow-green with four or five sepals and petals, produced in cymes 8-15 cm long in mid to late spring. Stamens are (4-) 5, arising from a thick disc. Ovary is with 3-5 free carpels. The fruit is an ovoid to spherical red to black drupe 6-7 mm diameter. Indian Quassia is found in the Himalaya to Temp. E. Asia, at altitudes of 1400-3200 m.

Identification credit: N Arun Kumar, Ashutosh Sharma Photographed in Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh.

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