Indo-China Chokeberry
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Indo-China Chokeberry
E Native Photo: Sunit Singh
Common name: Indo-China Chokeberry • Nepali: जुरे मयल Jure Mayal
Botanical name: Stranvaesia nussia    Family: Rosaceae (Rose family)
Synonyms: Photinia nussia, Pyrus nussia, Stranvaesia glauca

Indo-China Chokeberry is a small tree up to 5-9 m tall. Branchlets are purplish brown when old, round, densely hairy when young, gradually becoming hairless, nearly hairless when old. Leaf-stalks are about 1 cm, hairy; stipules falling off, lanceshaped, membranous. Leaves are inverted-lanceshaped or obovate-lanceshaped, 6-8 x 2-3.5 cm, veins 10-12 pairs, below hairy along veins, above initially hairy, becoming hairless, base wedge-shaped, margin irregularly bluntly toothed, tip pointed. Flowers are borne in compound corymbs at branch-ends, 6-9 x 8-12 cm, many flowered. Flowers are about 1 cm in diameter. Petals are oblong or elliptic, 4-6 x 3-5 mm, base shortly clawed and barbate, tip notched. Sepal-cup is bell-shaped, below hairy. Sepals are triangular-lanceshaped, 2.5-4 x 2.5-3 mm, margin entire, tip pointed. Stamens are 20; filaments unequal in length, slightly shorter than sepals. Styles are 4 or5, fused for about 1/2 length, base densely velvet-hairy. Axis and flower-stalks are densely hairy; bracts 4-6 mm, velvet-hairy. Flower-stalks are 5-10 mm. Fruit is orangish red, compressed-spherical, about 8 mm in diameter, velvet-hairy when young, becoming hairless; sepals incurved. Indo-China Chokeberry is found in mixed forests at altitudes of 500-2800 m, in NE India, China and SE Asia.

Identification credit: Ankit Yuvi Rawat, Sunit Singh Photographed in Ukhimath, Uttarakhand.

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