Japanese Fleabane   
Foto info
Japanese Fleabane
ative Photo: Alok Mahendroo
Common name: Japanese Fleabane • Nepali: सलह झार Salaha jhar
Botanical name: Conyza japonica    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)
Synonyms: Conyza veronicifolia, Conyza congesta, Blumea compactiflora

Japanese Fleabane is an annual or biennial herb. Stems are erect, grayish green, 25-55 cm tall, channeled, often branched in upper part, hairy. Leaves are green on upper surface, pale on lower surface, white hairy on both surfaces, margins toothed; basal and lower stem-leaves occur in rosettes, obovate to spoon-shaped, tip blunt or rounded, base narrowed into a winged stalk, eared 4-13 cm long, 1.5-4 cm wide. Leaves are gradually reduced upward, becoming lanceolate to linear-lanceolate. Flower-heads are spherical globose, 4-5 mm long, 6-8 mm across, numerous, in terminal glomerules or tight corymbs, carried on slender hairy stalks, 3-10 mm long. Involucre is hemispheric, 5-6 mm long. Receptacle is hemispheric, frilled. Ray florets are numerous, threadlike, yellow, 1.5 mm long, ciliate, style 3 mm long, prominent, red-purple, nearly equalling pappus. Disc florets are about 15, funnel-shaped, upper part about 1.2 mm long, lower about 2.5 mm long, 5-lobed. Achenes are pale brown, obovate, flattened, about 0.8 mm long, about 0.3 mm wide, minutely puberulous. Japanese Fleabane is found in Afghanistan, W. Pakistan, India, Himalayas, Burma, Thailand, Indo-China, Malaysia, China, Japan, at altitudes of 600-2600 m.

Identification credit: Gunjan Sud Photographed in Chamba, Himachal Pradesh & Chopta, Uttarakhand.

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