Jodhpur Spurge
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Jodhpur Spurge
P Native Photo: Tabish
Common name: Jodhpur Spurge
Botanical name: Euphorbia jodhpurensis    Family: Euphorbiaceae (Castor family)
Synonyms: Chamaesyce jodhpurensis, Euphorbia clarkeana var. erecta

Jodhpur Spurge is an unbranched erect herb, or dichotomously branched, up to 50 cm high, hairless. Stems are straw-like, nodes annular, thickened; internodes 2-4.5 cm long, round; branches slender. Leaves are oppositely arranged, shortly stalked, oblong, linear-oblong, oblique at base, entire, sawtoothed towards the tip, 0.5-2 cm by 1-4 mm. Leaves in main stem and branches are comparatively larger than other leaves, green or pale green, hairless, nerves obscure, leaf-stalks about 1 mm long. Cyathia are borne at branch-ends or nearly so, solitary, flower-cluster-stalk about 1 mm long. Involucre is bell-shaped, about 1.2 by 1 mm, hairless; involucral lobes 5, triangular, toothed; glands 4, rounded, about 1 mm in diameter. Limbs are about 1.5 by 1 mm, round, entire, white or pale pink. Male florets are few, flower-stalk about 0.5 mm long; anther nearly spherical, transversely splitting. Female florets: gynophore, about 1 mm long, hairless; ovary nearly spherical, about 1 mm across; styles 3, about 1.3 mm, each bifid at tip; stigma capitate. Capsules are nearly spherical, bluntly keeled, about 4 x 4 mm, hairless. Jodhpur Spurge is found in sandy soil in cultivated areas. It is rare and endemic to Rajasthan. Flowering: July-November.

Identification credit: Tabish Photographed in NLU Campus, Jodhpur, Rajasthan.

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