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ntroduced Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Jowar, Sudan Grass • Hindi: जौवार, जवार् Jowar • Marathi: जोवारी Jowari • Mizo: Fai-sa
Botanical name: Sorghum bicolor    Family: Poaceae (Grass family)

Jowar is a plant cultivated for grain for human consumption and for animal feed. The species originated in northern Africa and can grow in arid soils and withstand prolonged droughts. Jowar is usually an annual, but some cultivars are perennial. It grows in clumps which may reach over 4 meters high. The leaves look much like those of maize, they sometimes roll over. The flower head carries two types of flowers, one type has no stalk and has both male and female parts, and the other flower is stalked and is usually male. The grain is small reaching about 3 to 4 mm in diameter. Sweet sorghums are sorghum cultivars that are primarily grown for foliage; they are shorter than those grown for grain.

Identification credit: Prashant Awale Photographed in Maharashtra.

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