Kadwa Sirid
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Kadwa Sirid
ative Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Kadwa Sirid • Kannada: gandale, bogimara, hire mara, gandele • Marathi: kadwa-sirid, kurvi, sirid • Tamil: yellamalakkai, ilaimergay, yellamalla
Botanical name: Hymenodictyon obovatum    Family: Rubiaceae (Coffee family)

Kadwa Sirid is a large deciduous tree, 5-15 m tall, with thick horizontal branches. Oppositely arranged leaves are obovate, 10-15 cm long, abruptly long-pointed. Leaves are carried on 3-5 cm long stalk, and have 6-8 nerves. Unpleasant smelling flowers are borne in spikes, 15-20 cm long, arranged in panicles at the end of branches. Sepal cup is bell-shaped, velvety, and so is the flower. Stamens are 5, and the style is thread-like. Capsules are 1 cm long, ellipsoid, erect. Seeds are winged. Kadwa Sirid is found in West and South India.

Identification credit: Prashant Awale, Jayesh Patil
Photographed at Matheran, Maharashtra.
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