Kallar Dendrobium
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Kallar Dendrobium
P Native Photo: P.S. Sivaprasad
Common name: Kallar Dendrobium
Botanical name: Dendrobium kallarense    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)

Kallar Dendrobium is an orchid growing on wet rocks. It is named after Kallar Valley in Kerala. It looks quite similar to the pink variety of Small Bearded Dendrobium, an orchid which dwells on trees. Pseudobulb is ovoid, swollen, compressed, brown, 2-4 cm. Leaves are 2-3, up to 7 x 0.5 cm, linear, pointed, membranous, leafless when flowering. Flowers are 1-3, usually one at a time, bluish pink, in 4-5 cm long slender at branch-ends racemes, Flower-stalks are 7 mm long, dorsal sepal 14 x 5 mm, lanceshaped, blunt, 5-veined; lateral sepals 14 x 9 mm, ovate-lanceshaped, pointed, 5-veined; petals 15 x 10 mm, obovate, blunt, 7-veined; lip 15 x 12 mm, 3-lobed, side lobes ovate, blunt, 6 x 4 mm, midlobe 9 x 8.5 mm, obovate, flat at tip, disc with an oblong callus and yellow hairs. Capsule is spindle-shaped. Kallar Dendrobium is seen in undisturbed wet rock strewn pockets of mountain grasslands in Kallar valley. Flowering: October-February.

Identification credit: P.S. Sivaprasad Photographed in Silent Valley National Park, Kerala.

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