Kashmir Violet
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Kashmir Violet
P Native Photo: Nongthombam Ullysess
Common name: Kashmir Violet
Botanical name: Viola falconeri    Family: Violaceae (Violet family)

Kashmir Violet is a hairless, stemless herb, with leaves 2.5-4.5 x 1.5-2.5 cm, ovate, heart-shaped, rounded toothed, 5-nerved, with reddish brown to black dotted glands on both surfaces; leaf-stalk 1-3 cm long. Stipules are leaf-like, free, 1-2.0 x 1.5-2 cm, ovate-lanceshaped, toothed-fringed, pointed-tapering, covered with blackish brown glandular spots. Flower-cluster-stalk are 1-2 cm long; bracteoles 2, opposite, 1.0-1.5 x 0.25-0.5 mm, lanceshaped, pointed, toothed. Flowers are blue, violet-blue, large, 2 cm across. Sepals are 3-5 x 1-2 mm; lanceshaped, pointed, entire, wedge-shaped, hairless, spur is saclike, 5 mm or more long. Capsules are elliptic to ovoid, hairless, 0.8-1.0 cm long, with tapering tip. Kashmir Violet is found in Western Himalaya, typically Kashmir, at altitudes of 2100-2700 m. Flowering: April-July.

Identification credit: Tabish Photographed in Sonmarg, Kashmir.

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