Khandala Spurge
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Khandala Spurge
P Native Photo: Sushant More
Common name: Khandala Spurge
Botanical name: Euphorbia khandallensis    Family: Euphorbiaceae (Castor family)
Synonyms: Euphorbia panchganiensis, Euphorbia fusiformis var. khandallensis

Khandala Spurge is a perennial herb with underground tuberous rootstock . Stem is short, underground. Entire inflorescence is up to 18 cm long, cyathia arranged in cymes. Primary flower-cluster-stalks 2-6 from underground stem, each up to 10 cm long. Bracts are variable in shape and color, about 6 mm long, triangular or lanceshaped or semi-cylindrical, stem-clasping at base, tip pointed, margin wavy or toothed or entire, 1 nerved, scarious, pink or greenish fading to white. Involucre 3-6 x 4-5 mm, lobes 4-6, oblong, fringed, pectinate, reddish or greenish; glands are 4-6, reddish or greenish transversely oblong, 0.5-1 x 1-2 mm. Male florets are 5, flower-stalks about 1.5 mm long. Female floret with gynophores are about 3 mm long in early stages and elongating till maturity. Leaves appear after flowering, 3-30 x 2-11 cm, arising from base, elliptic to oblong or broadly lanceshaped or inverted-lanceshaped or blunt to rounded, green, reddish-purple or mottled, fleshy; entire or wavy along margins; stalkless or with leaf-stalks less than 5 cm long; base wedge-shaped, narrowed; tip pointed to with a short sharp point or blunt or retuse. Capsule is nearly spherical, trilobed with 3 cells, about 6 mm across. Khandala Spurge is endemic to India. Flowering: January-May.

Identification credit: Sushant More, Chintan Bhatt Photographed in Pachgani, Maharashtra.

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