Konkan Moringa
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Konkan Moringa
ative Photo: Pradip Krishen
Common name: Konkan Moringa • Hindi: जंगली सरगुआ Jangli sargua, सेंजन Senjana • Kannada: Nugge, ಕಾಡುನುಗ್ಗೆ Kaadu nugge • Malayalam: മുരിന്ഗാ Muringa • Marathi: मशींग Mashinga, रान शेवगा Ranshevaga • Sanskrit: मधुशिग्रुः Madhushigru, Aksiva, Bahulada, बहुपल्लव Bahupallava, बहुपत्रक Bahupatraka, Garbhapataka • Tamil: கட்டு முறுங்கை Kattu murungai
Botanical name: Moringa concanensis    Family: Moringaceae (Drumstick family)

Konkan Moringa is a small tree with thick bark. The tree is hairless except younger parts and inflorescence. Leaves are bipinnate (very rarely tripinnate), 45 cm long. Primary pairs are 5-6, distant, 10-20 cm long. Leaflets are 4-6 pairs with an odd one, broadly elliptic to round, blunt at both ends, often notched at the tip, 2.5-3.8 cm long, 1.25-2.5 cm broad, pale beneath. Flowers are borne in lax velvety panicles up to 45 cm long. Flowers are small, yellowish, with red or pink veins. Sepals are 5, minutely velvety, oblong, white, reflexed, 8.5-12.5 mm long. Petals are oblong or oblong-spoon-shaped, the lower 9 mm long. Perfect stamens are 5, alternating with 4-5 much smaller staminodes. Fruit is a pod which is linear, 30-45 cm long, sharply 3-angled. Konkan Moringa is found in tropical dry forest from southeastern Pakistan almost to the southern tip of India. Flowering: October-March.

Identification credit: Pradip Krishen Photographed in South Jaisalmer, Rajasthan.

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