Krishna Deva Raya Dipcadi
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Krishna Deva Raya Dipcadi
P Native Photo: Sushant More
Common name: Krishna Deva Raya Dipcadi
Botanical name: Dipcadi krishnadevarayae    Family: Asparagaceae (Asparagus family)

Krishna Deva Raya Dipcadi is distinct from all other species of Dipcadi in having a distinctly 6-lobed stigma. It is named after Sri Krishnadevaraya, Emperor of Vijayanagara Dynasty, the place this plant found. It is a perennial, bulbous, erect herb, about 85 cm tall. Bulbs are ovoid or spherical, 4-4.5 × 2–3.5 cm. Leaves all basal, 2-4 per bulb with sheathing base, emerge along with flowering stem, linear, club-shaped, 16-20-veined, green, 25-50 x 0.4-1.2 cm, pointed at tip, entire at margins. Flowers are borne in one-sided raceme with flowers at almost right angle with stem. Flowering stems are erect, slender, 30-85 cm long, racemes 20-40 cm long, 18-24 flowered. Flowers are oblong-obovate in bud condition, 1-1.3 x 0.9 cm, green when young, greenish-yellow at maturity, glossy, with dark green band on outside of the outer tepals; flower-stalks are 4-5 mm long, about 1mm thick, stout. Bract is 1, longer than the flower-stalk, membranous, ovate, 6-12 x 2-6 mm, bracteoles absent. Tepals are in two whorls, 3+3, spreading, nearly equal, obscurely veined. Outer tepals are 8-13 mm long, longer than the inner ones; tube united one to two thirds, bell-shaped, 3-7 mm long; tepals narrowly oblong or oblong-obovate, 5-6 x 2-4 mm, pointed and tubercled at tip, hooded or curved outwards to almost half of the length. Inner tepals connivent; tube more than two-thirds, about 11 mm long; tepals triangular 3-3.2 x 2-2.5 mm, pointed and warted at tip and reflexed. Stamens are 6, visible at the throat of tube; filaments sticking along flower throughout tube protruding at tip. Ovary is superior, stalkless, oblong-obovate, 4-5 x 1.5-2 mm; style cylindric, 4-5 mm long; stigma simple in young flowers, 3-lobed at maturity and each lobe further bilobed. Capsules are trigonous, deeply 3-lobed, quadrate in outline, deeply grooved, nearly spherical to obovoid, 1-1.2 x 1 cm, narrowed at base, as broad as long, flat at tip. Krishna Deva Raya Dipcadi is known only from few localities in Anantapuramu District, Andhra Pradesh.

Identification credit: Sushant More Photographed in Sanipaya, Seshachalam biosphere reserve, Andhra Pradesh.

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