FoI
Kukurbicha   
Foto info
Kukurbicha
ative Photo: J. M. Garg
Common name: Kukurbicha • Assamese: huktapata, hukta-pata • Bengali: kukurbicha • Hindi: kakarundah, kukurbicha, phrongli • Kannada: udipe, dadachelu, gandaudipe, chikkudipe • Khasi: soh synting • Marathi: govli • Oriya: kakarolim • Sanskrit: gudasarkara, nagabala • Tamil: kalunnu, tavidu, tavadu, tavuttai • Telugu: chimachipuru, jibilike, chitti jana, jibilika
Botanical name: Grewia hirsuta    Family: Tiliaceae (Phalsa family)

Kukurbicha is a shrub or small trees, with branchlets coarsely gray-brown hairy. Leaf stalks are 2-3 mm long, tomentose. Leaves are lance-shaped, 6-14 cm long, 2-3.5 cm wide, leathery, black-brown when dried, velvety. Lateral basal veins are up to 1/2 as long as leaf blade, lateral veins 4-5 pairs, base narrow, shallowly hreat-shaped, margin toothed, tip long pointed or rarely blunt. White flowers are borne in cymes 1-5 per leaf axil, 3- or 4-flowered. Stalk of the cyme is 3-7 mm, velvety. Flower stalk is 3-5 mm, velvety. Bracts are lance-shaped, 3-4 mm. Sepals are narrowly lance-shaped, 6-7 × 1.5 mm. Petals are narrowly ovate, about 3 × 1.5 mm. Stamens are 4-5 mm. Style is longer than stamens, stigma 4-lobed. Drupe is globose or 2-lobed, sparsely coarsely hairy; drupelets 2 per lobe. Flowering: June-July.
Medicinal uses: Nagbala, as it is called in Ayurvedic lingo, is used for heart disease, cough, wounds and dyspnoea (root); in diarrhoea and dysentery (drupes); heart disease, fever (plant).

Identification credit: Shrikant Ingalhalikar
Photographed in Talakona forest, Andhra Pradesh.
• Is this flower misidentified? If yes,