Large-Flower Lousewort
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Large-Flower Lousewort
A Native Unknown Photo: Dipankar Borah
Common name: Large-Flower Lousewort
Botanical name: Pedicularis megalantha    Family: Orobanchaceae (Broomrape family)

Large-Flower Pedicularis is an annual, herb 6-45 cm tall, not drying black. Flowers are usually red-rose, tube 3-6 cm, 2-4 times as long as sepal-cup; galea bent at a right angle at tip, beak circular, 1.2-1.4 cm. Lower lip is completely enveloping galea, 2.5-3.5 cm wide, fringed with hairs. Anterior filament pair velvet-hairy. Flower-stalks are 5-12 mm, sepal-cup oblong, velvet-hairy, less than 1/3 cut; sepals 5, unequal. Inflorescences are up to more than 30 cm; bracts leaflike. Stems are clustered or single, becoming hairless. Basal leaves usually wither early. Stem leaves are few; leaf-stalk 4-6 cm; leaf blade linear-oblong, 5-7 x 2-3.5 cm, below sparsely white scurfy, above sparsely finely velvet-hairy, pinnately divided into 7-12 pairs of segments, oblong-ovate to triangular-lanceshaped, sinuate-toothed. Capsules are ovoid-lanceshaped, about 3 cm x 9 mm. Large-Flower Pedicularis is found in swampy places at forest margins, on damp grassy slopes, at altitudes of 2300-4200 m, in the Himalayas, from Kashmir to Bhutan, NE India, SE Tibet. Flowering: June-August.

Identification credit: Dipankar Borah Photographed in Tawang distt, Arunachal Pradesh.

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