Large-Leaf Henckelia
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Large-Leaf Henckelia
P Native Photo: Momang Taram
Common name: Large-Leaf Henckelia
Botanical name: Henckelia grandifolia    Family: Gesneriaceae (Gloxinia family)
Synonyms: Chirita macrophylla, Didymocarpus grandifolius, Roettlera grandifolia

Large-Leaf Henckelia is an almost stemless perennial herb, with stem short or erect, simple, 15-26 cm tall, hairy. Flowers are borne in leaf-axils, in simple or compound cymes, 1-5 flowered, purple to bluish violet. Flowers are funnel-shaped, 4-6 cm long, hairless to sparsely shortly hairy. Stamens 2: filaments inserted about 1.5-1.8 cm from base of flower tube, 1.3-1.7 cm long, Gynoecium is 2-3.6 cm long, sparsely hairy, stigma deeply bilobed. Flower-stalks are round, 1.1-2 cm long, hairy or hairless. Sepal-cup tubular, tube 0.6-1.4 cm long; lobes divided equally or less than half way, narrowly triangular, 0.5-0.9 cm long; outside hairless or sparsely hairy, falling off. Flower-cluster-stalk 5.2-16.3 cm, hairless or hairy; bracts paired, free, stalkless, ovate or lanceshaped, rarely rhomboid or linear, 0.5-1.1 cm long, sparsely hairy. Leaves are opposite: blade asymmetrically ovate, or heart-shaped, 10-17.2 by 7-11.5 cm wide, herbaceous; tip pointed to tapering; base heart-shaped or oblique, rarely narrowed; base oblique about 0.2 cm distance; margin sawtoothed, rarely wavy; upper and lower surface sparsely hairy; especially on midrib and secondary veins, lateral veins 6-8 on each side. Leaf-stalks are round 7.3-22.5 cm, hairy or bristly. Fruit is orthocarpic, 8.5-11 by 0.15-0.19 cm, hairs sparse, short. Large-Leaf Henckelia is found in the Himalayas to China, Myanmar and Northern Thailand, In shady montane forest, on moist sandy banks and on rock, at altitudes of 800-3000 m.

Identification credit: Momang Taram Photographed in Arunachal Pradesh.

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