Common name: Lemon, Nimbu निम्बू (Hindi), Champra (Manipuri), எலுமிச்சை
Botanical name: Citrus limon Family: Rutaceae (citrus family)
Lemon is an extremely common fruit in India. The lemon has a white, fragrant
flower with five petals. The mildly fragrant flowers may be solitary or
there may be 2 or more clustered in the leaf axils. Buds are reddish; the
opened flowers have 4 or 5 petals 3/4 in long, white on the upper
surface (inside), purplish beneath (outside), and 20-40 more or less united
stamens with yellow anthers.
The leading acid citrus fruit, because of its very appealing color, odor and
flavor. The true lemon tree reaches 10 to 20 ft (3-6 m) in height and usually
has sharp thorns on the twigs. The alternate leaves, reddish when young,
become dark-green above, light-green below; are oblong, elliptic or
long-ovate, 2 1/2 to 4 1/2 in long, finely toothed, with slender wings on
the petioles. The fruit is oval with a nipple-like protuberance at the apex.