Little Ironweed
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Little Ironweed
ative Photo: Thingnam Girija
Common name: Little ironweed, Purple feabane • Hindi: Sahadevi सहदेवी • Manipuri: ꯈꯣꯡꯖꯥꯢ ꯅꯄꯤ Khongjai napi • Marathi: Sadodi • Tamil: பூவங்குருந்தல் Puvamkuruntal • Telugu: Sahadevi • Bengali: Kuksim • Nepali: मरचाझार Marchaa Jhaar
Botanical name: Cyanthillium cinereum      Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)
Synonyms: Vernonia cinerea, Conyza cinerea, Senecioides cinerea

Little ironweed is an annual or short-lived perennial to 50cm with ovate leaves. The stems branch repeatedly at the top to hold aloft the small cylindrical, purple flower heads. Flowers throughout the year. Originally from Tropical Asia & Africa, now a pantropical weed, it is sometimes considered native to Western Australia. Found in upland crop areas, waste places and roadsides throughout India.
Medicinal uses: The seeds yield a fatty oil and are used as an anthelmintic and alexipharmic; they are said to be quite effective against roundworms and threadworms. They are also given for coughs, flatulence, intestinal colic and dysuria and for leucoderma, psoriasis and other chronic skin-diseases. The seeds are made into a paste with lime juice and used for destroying pediculi.

Identification credit: Navendu Pagé Photographed in Lodhi Garden, Delhi & Jodhpur, Rajasthan.

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