Long-Raceme Chiretta
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Long-Raceme Chiretta
P Native Photo: S. Kasim
Common name: Long-Raceme Chiretta
Botanical name: Andrographis elongata    Family: Acanthaceae (Acanthus family)
Synonyms: Cryptophragmium elongatum, Cryptophragmium cordifolium

Long-Raceme Chiretta is an erect herb up to 2 m long with diverging branches; stem stout, tetragonous, velvet-hairy. Leaves are opposite, 1.5-3 x .5-1.5 cm, ovate, pointed, rounded and then narrowing into the stalk at base, slightly velvet-hairy; lateral veins 3-4 pairs; leaf-stalks less than 0.5 cm long. Flower racemes occur in leaf-axils, on very long flower-cluster-stalks up to 12 cm, long velvet-hairy. Flowers are distant; flower-stalks very short or 0. Calyx 5-lobed, sepals very slender, 2-4 mm long, glandular velvet-hairy. Flower are white, apparently pink, obscurely 2-lobed, 3-8 x 3-5 mm across, glandular hairy without. Stamens 2, to 1.3 cm long, finely velvet-hairy, 1.4 cm; anthers 2 mm long, hairless. Ovary oblong, 1 cm long, finely velvet-hairy; style 1.2 cm long, hairy. Capsule is 1.5-2 x .1-.2 cm long, oblong, compressed, minutely hairy pointed. seeds 8-12, about 1 mm long, ovoid, pale brown. Long-Raceme Chiretta is endemic to Western Ghats. Flowering: March-May.

Identification credit: S. Kasim Photographed in Latheri Forest, Vellore Dist. Tamil Nadu.

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