Moorcroft's Gentian
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Moorcroft's Gentian
A Native Photo: Anzar Khuroo
Common name: Moorcroft's Gentian • Nepali: धुँँम्फ Dhumph
Botanical name: Gentianella moorcroftiana    Family: Gentianaceae (Gentian family)
Synonyms: Gentiana moorcroftiana, Gentiana falconeri

Moorcroft's Gentian is an annual herb 5-20 cm tall. Flowers are borne in few-flowered cymes in leaf-axils and at branch-ends. Flower-stalks are up to 4 mm. Flowers are 5-merous. Flowers are blue, with pale yellow toward base, tubular, 1.2-1.4 cm; lobes oblong, 2.5-3.5 mm, tip blunt. Nectaries 10. Stamens inserted at middle of flower tube; filaments white, 4-5 mm; anthers yellow, ellipsoid, about 1.2 mm. Style indistinct; stigma lobes nearly round. Sepal-cup is 7-8 mm; sepals linear, 4-5.5 mm, slightly unequal, sinus between sepals nearly rounded, margin scabrous, tip blunt, veins indistinct. Stems are erect, striped, branched from base. Leaves are stalkless, linear, 6-12 x 1-1.5 mm, base and tip blunt, margin scabrous, veins indistinct. Capsules are ovoid-ellipsoid, about 7 mm. Moorcroft's Gentian is found in the Himalaya, from Kashmir to Nepal, at altitudes of 2900-5200 m. Flowering: August.

Identification credit: Chris Chadwell Photographed in Vishen Sar, Kashmir.

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