Mopane Paddle-Pod   
Foto info
Mopane Paddle-Pod
ative Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Mopane Paddle-Pod • Kannada: kangunabally • Marathi: kazurati, tirruli • Tamil: odangod • Telugu: verriyaapa
Botanical name: Pristimera indica    Family: Celastraceae (Spike-thorn family)
Synonyms: Reissantia indica, Hippocratea indica

Mopane Paddle-Pod is woody climber with looping branchlets. Leaves are opposite, up to 12 x 7 cm, obovate, obtusely acute, narrowing into the base. Nerves are 4 or 5 pairs, ascending. Leaf-stalks are 1 cm long. Flowers are tiny, green-white, borne in drooping stalked panicles in leaf axils. Sepals are 5, ovate, acute, hairless. Petals are 5, 3 x 1 mm, oblong, curved, hairless. Stamens are 3, filaments short curved out. Ovary is 3-celled, sunken in the disk. Fruit is a winged samara,with 2 spreading flattened mericarps, oblong to elliptic, each c. 5 cm long, yellow-green, smaller than in most other species in the genus. Mopane Paddle-Pod is found in Africa, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam. In India it is found in Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.
Medicinal uses: Root bark is used for the treatment of respiratory troubles. Stem is considered febrifuge. Leaves are scorched and given to women during confinement. Powdered leaves and roots are applied to sores and wounds.

Identification credit: Shrikant Ingalhalikar
Photographed in Uttar Kannada, Karnataka.
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