Mountain Coffee Bush
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Mountain Coffee Bush
ative Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Mountain Coffee Bush, coral berry tree, officinal breynia • Kannada: ಬಿಳಿಸೂಲಿ Bilisooli, ಕಾಡು ನುಗ್ಗೆ Kaadu nugge ಬಾಮರಿ Baamari, ಬಿಳಿಸೂಲಿಗೆ Bilisoolige • Malayalam: കാട്ടുനിരൂരി kattuniruri,പാവലപൂല pavalapula • Tamil: சிவப்புப்பூலா civappu-p-pula, பவளப்பூலா pavala-p-pula • Telugu: పొగడ pogada, ఎల్లారి yellari, యెర్ర బల్లి yerra-balli, ఎర్రపురుగుడు yerra purugudu • Tulu: ಪಲ್ಲಿ ಸೊಪ್ಪು palli soppu Source: Names of Plants in India
Botanical name: Breynia vitis-idaea    Family: Phyllanthaceae (Amla family)
Synonyms: Rhamnus vitis-idaea

Mountain Coffee Bush is a shrub or treelet up to 3 m tall and devoid of hairs. The leaf is egg-shaped. The leaf size is 2.3-5.5 cm x 1.3-3.1 cm and length width ratio is 1.8-2. The base is blunt or rounded at the end as well as the apex and abruptly in a short stiff point. The margin is flat, papery, leaf stalk is 2-4 mm long, stipules are about 2 mm long. Staminate flowers are 1.3-1.8 mm in diameter, 3.5-5 mm long pedicel, size of sepal is 1.5-2 mm x 1.3-1.8 mm, relatively thin, greenish, lobes are about 0.3 mm long and 0.8 mm long anthers. Pistillate flowers are 1.6-5.3 mm in diameter, pedicel is 2.5-4 mm long, sepal is 1.3-2.8 mm long and greenish, lobes are 0.4-2.2 mm wide while the ovary is cylindrical about 2 mm x 1 mm and apically divided. The stigmas are about 0.2 mm long but not united and split; theypoint towards each other. The fruit is egg-shaped to spherical and its size is about 4.6-6.3 mm x 4.6-6.7 mm. It is sometimes a bit spiny, with narrow apical crown and red. The seed size is 3-4.5 mm x 1.8-2.5 mm x 1.7-2.5 mm. Flowering: October.

Identification credit: R. Vijayasankar, Tapas Chakraborty, P. Lakshminarasimhan Photographed in Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar.

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