Mountain Pipe
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Mountain Pipe
P Native Photo: Siddarth Machado
Common name: Mountain Pipe
Botanical name: Scrophularia wattii    Family: Scrophulariaceae (Figwort family)
Synonyms: Oreosolen wattii, Oreosolen unguiculatus

Mountain Pipe is flatl rosette-forming plant, arising from a stout rootstock. Plant is entirely with glandular hairs. Roots are thick. Lower leaves are scalelike; uppers ones crowded and rosulate; leaf-stalk short, broad, flattened; leaf blade heart-shaped to ovate, 2-8 cm, thick, margin irregularly toothed; veins above strongly impressed. Inflorescences is less than 5 cm tall. Sepals linear-lanceshaped. Flower are yellow, tubular, 1.5-2.5 cm long. Lower lip lobes are obovate-round; upper lip lobes ovate-round. Filaments are thick, apically dilated; anthers 1-loculed, transverse; staminode needlelike, adnate to center of upper flower lip. Capsule is ovoid-spherical, up to 8 mm, tip tapered. Seeds are dark brown, about 2 mm. Mountain Pipe is found in Eastern Himalayas, from Nepal to Bhutan, Tibet, at altitudes of 3000-5500 m. Flowering: June-July.

Identification credit: Siddarth Machado Photographed in North Sikkim.

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