Mountain Turmeric
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Mountain Turmeric
ative Photo: R. Vijayasankar
Common name: Mountain Turmeric • Assamese: Garunoa-halodhi • Malayalam: Kattumanja
Botanical name: Curcuma montana    Family: Zingiberaceae (Ginger family)

Mountain Turmeric is a perennial herb, with rhizome short, light yellow. Pseudostem is up to 30 cm high. Leaves are 30 x 8 cm, elliptic, pointed at either ends; leaf-stalk 6 cm long; sheath keeled, hairless; ligule membranous, pointed, hairless. Flowers are borne in spikes at branch-ends, 12 x 4 cm; bracts 3.5 x 1.5 cm, obovate, blunt, purplish above, thinly velvet-hairy. Flowers are white to pinkish yellow; sepal-cup tube 1.3 cm long, sepals flat, hairless. Flower tube is 1.8 cm long, petals unequal, larger ones 2 x 0.8 cm, oblong, blunt to shortly bifid at tip; lip 20 x 13 mm, obovate, deeply divided above; staminodes 1.3 x 0.7 cm, obovate, entire; anthers 5 mm long, spur divaricating, connective shortly producing; ovary velvet-hairy. Mountain turmeric is found in the eastern Himalayas up to NE India.

Identification credit: R. Vijayasankar Photographed in Manipur.

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