Mysore Hypericum
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Mysore Hypericum
P Native Photo: Tabish
Common name: Mysore hypericum, Mysore St Johns Wort • Kannada: ಚಿನ್ನದಾವರೆ Chinnadavare • Malayalam: അവരംകോല Avaram-Kola • Marathi: हायपेरी Hayperi • Tamil: ஆவாரன Avaran
Botanical name: Hypericum mysurense    Family: Hypericaceae (Hypercum family)
Synonyms: Hypericum mysorense, Norysca mysurensis

Mysore Hypericum is a Hypericum native to Mysore. It is a shrub around 2m high, with mostly unbranched stems. Leaves are broadly to narrowly elliptic and almost stalkless. The leaves appear in alternately arranged opposite pairs on the stem. Beautiful yellow flowers have five petals and a tuft of long, showy stamens at the center. Flowers generally appear singly on top of erect stems, or in 2-5-flowered cymes. Flower are about 3.5-8 cm across, golden yellow, in branch-end cymes, 2-3 together. Sepals are up to 1 cm long, lanceshaped. Petals are yellow, 2-2.5 x 1 cm, obovate, blunt, hairless. Stamens are arranged in 5 bundles, filaments 1 cm long. Ovary is 5-celled, styles 5, 10 mm long. Capsules are 1.5 cm long, hairless. Mysore Hypericum is found in Maharashtra, Andhra Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Sri Lanka, Myanmar.
Medicinal uses: Recent research shows that this plant is useful in suppressing herpes.

Identification credit: Prashant Awale Photographed in Western Ghats.

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