Mysore Sumac
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Mysore Sumac
ative Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Mysore Sumac • Hindi: दसनी Dasni, Dansara, Darsan • Marathi: अम्बॊनी Amboni • Malayalam: Chippamaram • Telugu: Sitha, Sundari • Kannada: ಹುಲಮಾರಿ Hulmari, ಸಬಲೆ Sabale, Sappli
Botanical name: Rhus mysorensis    Family: Anacardiaceae (Cashew family)

Mysore Sumac is a small aromatic, often gregarious shrub with a thin brown bark and spiny branches. Leaves are divided into 3 leaflets. Leaflets are deeply toothed, or lobed, the middle one 1-1.5 in long, the lateral ones smaller. The leaflets are nearly stalkless. Flowers are small, white, or greenish, borne in panicles at the end of branches or in leaf axils. Sepal is small, 4-5-parted, persisting even in fruit. Petals are 5, ovate, falling off early. Disk fleshy, obscurely 5-lobed. Ovary 1-celled; styles 3. Fruit is a small, dry, compressed drupe, 3 mm in diameter. The wood which is hard, reddish-yellow, close-grained and heavy, is only used for fuel, and the branches for fencing fields. Flowering: February-June.

Identification credit: Prashant Awale Photographed at Laling Fort, Dhule, Maharashtra.

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