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Naked Bulb-Leaf Orchid   
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Naked Bulb-Leaf Orchid
P Native Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Naked Bulb-Leaf Orchid
Botanical name: Bulbophyllum gymnopus    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Synonyms: Drymoda gymnopus, Monomeria gymnopus, Phyllorkis gymnopus

Naked Bulb-Leaf Orchid is a miniature sized orchid, found growing on trees in evergreen forests and on the rocks below. There is 5 inches between each ellipsoid, smooth pseudobulb carrying a single apical, lanceshaped pointed leaf. The plant blooms in the winter on a 12.5-15 cm long, several to many flowered inflorescence with unpleasantly scented flowers that are evenly spaced from near the base of the inflorescence to the tip. Flowers are 8-10 mm across; sepals and petals white, spotted with red externally, lip yellow, column pale yellow ochre, spotted with red; flower-stalk and ovary slender, hairless, 0.6-1.5cm long. Dorsal sepal is lanceshaped, pointed, 3.5-4 x 1-1.2mm; lateral sepals lanceshaped, curved, pointed. Petals are linear lanceshaped, blunt flat, margins sawtoothed, 2-2.5 x 0.6-0.8 mm. Lip is simple, lanceshaped, pointed, 2.5 x 0.6mm. Column broad, 1.8-2 mm long; stelidia pointed, 0.2-0.3 mm long; foot slender, strongly curved,1.8-2 mm long; anther cap papillose. Naked Bulb-Leaf Orchid is found in eastern Himalayas, from NE India to Bhutan, Myanmar and Thailand, at elevations of 600-2000 m. Flowering: January-March.

Identification credit: Hussain Barbhuiya Photographed in Kaziranga Orchid & Biodiversity Park, Assam.

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