Necklace Orchid   
Foto info
Necklace Orchid
P Native Photo: Siddarth Machado
Common name: Necklace Orchid, Rattlesnake Orchid • Malayalam: Pannamaravazha
Botanical name: Pholidota imbricata    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Synonyms: Coelogyne imbricata, Pholidota bracteata, Pholidota crotalina

Necklace Orchid is an orchid growing on trees, with crowded pseudobulbs and clustered roots. Pseudobulbs are 4-6 cm long, oblong-conical, tetragonous, with large deciduous sheathing scales. Leaves are 1-2 from the tip of pseudobulb, 14-25 x 3.2-5.5 cm, elliptic-inverted-lanceshaped, base narrowed, tip pointed or blunt, leathery, strongly 3-nerved. Racemes drooping, in leaf-axils, 20-27 cm long. Flowers are pinkish-white, hidden by overlapping leaf-like persistent bracts; bracts up to 6 x 5 mm, ovate-blunt. Sepals are subequal, to 7 x 5 mm, ovate, tip blunt or pointed, 3-nerved. Petals are up to 6 x 2.5 mm, linear-oblong. Lip to 8 x 8 mm, deeply saccate, sac longitudinally 3-ridged within, 3-lobed, mid-lobe bifid. Column round-ovate, winged. Anthers 2-loculed, pollinia 4. Capsule is ellipsoid, drooping. Necklace Orchid is found in the Himalayas, at altitudes of 600-2900 m, from Kumaun to Bhutan, Western Ghats, Ceylon, Burma, W. China, Malaysia, Australia. Flowering: July-September.

Identification credit: Siddarth Machado Photographed at Mangan, North Sikkim.

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