Nepalese Firethorn
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Nepalese Firethorn
ative Photo: Gurcharan Singh
Common name: Nepalese Firethorn • Nepali: Ghangaru
Botanical name: Pyracantha crenulata    Family: Rosaceae (Rose family)

Nepalese Firethorn is a shrubs or small trees, up to 5 m tall, with thorny branches. Branches are dark brown when old, initially rusty velvety, hairless when old. Leaf-stalks are 3-6 mm, hairless. Leaves oblong or oblanceolate, rarely ovate-lanceolate, 2-7 × 0.8-1.8 cm, both surfaces hairless, base broadly wedge-shaped or slightly rounded, margin toothed or sparsely so, tip pointed or blunt. White flowers are borne in compound corymbs 3-5 cm in diameter, many flowered. The corymb is carried on a stalk initially brown velvety. basally, hairless. Bracts are caducous, lanceshaped. Flower-stalks are 4-10 mm long, hairless. Flowers are 6-9 mm across. The green cup is bell-shaped. Sepals are triangular, 1-1.2 mm, tip pointed. Petals are circular, 4-5 × 3-4 mm, tip rounded. Stamens are 20, filaments 2-3 mm. Ovary is densely white velvety apically. Styles are nearly as long as stamens. Pome is orangish yellow or orangish red when mature, nearly spherical 3-8 mm in diameter. Sepals are persistent, erect. Nepalese Firethorn is found in the Himalayas, from Kashmir to Bhutan, Tibet, Burma and China, at altitudes of 1200-2500 m. Flowering: March-May.

Identification credit: Gurcharan Singh
Photographed in Almora, Uttarakhand.
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