One-Flowered Litsea
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One-Flowered Litsea
E Native Photo: Shivani Negi
Common name: One-Flowered Litsea • Nepali: नेपाली दालचिनी Nepalee Daalachinee, काउले Kaaule, पहेंली Pahenlee, पवारी Pawaaree
Botanical name: Dodecadenia grandiflora    Family: Lauraceae (Laurel family)
Synonyms: Litsea grandiflora, Litsea monantha, Dodecadenia griffithii

One-Flowered Litsea is an evergreen tree, 10-15 m tall, about 30 cm d.b.h. Branchlets are dense brown velvet-hairy or hairless. Leaves are alternate; leaf-stalk 8-10 mm, covered with pubescence; leaf blade oblong-lanceshaped or oblong-inverted-lanceshaped, 5-10 x 2-3 cm, hairless below, along midrib velvet-hairy above, lateral veins 8-12 pairs, prominently netveined-veined on both surfaces, base wedge-shaped, tip pointed or tapering. Flowers are about 1.2 cm across, borne 1-3-clustered in leaf axils, 1-flowered. Male flowers have 6 tepals in 2 whorls, outer ones broader, inner ones slightly narrow and velvet-hairy outside. Fertile stamens are 12 - dodeca in the genus name, stands for twelve. Filaments are velvet-hairy, of 3rd whorls each with 2 large glands at base, of 4th whorls with smaller glands; rudimentary pistil velvet-hairy or hairless. Female flowers have ovary velvet-hairy or hairless. Fruit is ellipsoid, 10-12 x 7-9 mm, sitting on disc-like flower tube; fruiting flower-stalk about 5 mm, stout. One-Flowered Litsea is found in forests in valleys, mixed forests of coniferous and deciduous broad-leaved trees, at altitudes of 2000-2600 m, from Himalaya to China and Myanmar. Flowering:

Identification credit: Sunit Singh, Shivani Negi Photographed in Rudarparyag, Uttarakhand.

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