FoI
One-Stamen Elatostema   
Foto info
One-Stamen Elatostema
P Native Photo: Siddarth Machado
Common name: One-Stamen Elatostema
Botanical name: Elatostema monandrum    Family: Urticaceae (Nettle family)
Synonyms: Elatostema diversifolium, Elatostema surculosum, Elatostema laetum

One-Stamen Elatostema is a herb 5-20 cm tall, with separate male and female plants. Stems are ascending or erect, usually simple, hairy, covered with flaky scales. Leaves are usually opposite, hairless or becoming hairless; nanophylls elliptic to lanceshaped, 2-6 mm; stipules obscure; leaf-stalk 1-2 mm, Leaf blade is obliquely wedge-shaped, obliquely elliptic, or lanceshaped, 0.8-4 × 0.4-1.2 cm, herbaceous or membranous, major basal lateral veins both arising at base of leaf blade, cystoliths conspicuous, sparse or present only along margins; base obliquely wedge-shaped, margin toothed or pinnatifid, tip pointed to tapering. Male inflorescences solitary, simple, 1.5-2 mm in diameter; flower-cluster-stalk 0-1 mm; receptacle obscure; bracts fused, 2-2.5 mm; bracteoles lanceshaped to linear. Female inflorescences solitary, 2-5 mm in diameter, stalkless; receptacle small; bracts broadly ovate; bracteoles spoon-shaped-linear. Male flowers 4-merous. Achenes ellipsoid, 6-ribbed. One-Stamen Elatostema is found in the Himalayas, from Himachal Pradesh to Bhutan, Western Ghats, Ceylon, Burma, Indo-China, W. China, at altitudes of 800-3000 m. Flowering: June-October.

Identification credit: Siddarth Machado Photographed in Brahmagiri Range, Karnataka.

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