Pemba Grass
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Pemba Grass
ative Photo: Shaista Ahmad
Common name: Pemba Grass
Botanical name: Stenotaphrum dimidiatum    Family: Poaceae (Grass family)
Synonyms: Stenotaphrum glabrum, Panicum dimidiatum

Pemba Grass is a creeping stolon forming perennial having bright green leaves. It spreads by branched rhizomes and stolons and is native to the coastal districts of East Africa, Madagascar, India and the islands of the Indian Ocean. It is well grazed by animals. Leaf-blades are folded lengthwise along the midrib, 5–20 cm long, 5–12 mm wide. Leaf tip is blunt. Inflorescence is composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; in a unilateral false spike; sunken; unilateral; 0.7–1.5 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets. Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets, 1 fertile florets. Spikelets are ovate, dorsally compressed, 4–5 mm long, deciduous with accessory branch structures. Back of inflorescence axis is toothed at each node.

Identification credit: Sankara Rao
Photographed in Bangalore.
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