Botanical name: Juniperus excelsa subsp. polycarpos Family: Cupressaceae (Cypress family)
Synonyms: Juniperus macropoda, Juniperus polycarpos
Pencil Cedar is a monoecious medium sized tree. Leaves on upper branches are scale‑like, opposite, decussate, 1.5‑2 mm long, broadly ovate, closely appressed, on the lower branches subulate, 6‑8 mm long, pungent. Male cones are borne at branch-ends on branchlets, scales overlapping. Berries are nearly spherical, blue‑black when ripe,about 1 cm across. Seeds are 3‑5, brownish‑yellow, testa thick. Wood is most valuable for furniture, building and pencil-making; also used for fuel and charcoal. Pencil Cedar is found in the Himalayas, from Pakistan to Uttarakhand, at altitudes of 2400-4300 m. It is mostly found in dry river valleys, gregarious; forming open forests in Lahaul.
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The flower labeled Pencil Cedar is ...